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Benefits of Physiotherapy post-surgery

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Benefits of Physiotherapy post surgery

It is crucial that you understand that life is not always happy right after surgery. What you do throughout your post-operative recovery period will determine how well your treatment goes. There is a strong reason why physical therapy or physiotherapy is generally advised.

After an injury or surgery, physical therapists are skilled in helping patients of all ages restore their strength and mobility. Physical therapists lead patients through targeted stretches, workouts, and other activities that are tailored to support their recovery. PTs target specific body parts with their approaches.

Regrettably, a lot of people disregard their doctor’s recommendations for physical therapy, which can be harmful to the healing process.

Contents

Stages of Physiotherapy for Post-Operative Rehabilitation

There are three stages to post-operative rehabilitation physical therapy; the first begins as soon as you are released from the operating room and ends until the healing process is over. 

  1. Prompt Recoveries

This phase’s main goal will be to reduce discomfort and edema. For the purpose of assisting you in regaining joint motion and walking, your physiotherapist might suggest mild manual therapy. 

In addition, he or she might recommend mobility aids like walkers or canes along with usage guidelines. To restore muscle function without interfering with the healing process, you can practice basic exercises. 

  1. Strength and Range of Motion Physiotherapy

Restoring your body’s strength and functions to normal will probably be your primary priority during this phase. Tasks involving proprioception and balance and manual treatment to improve joint strength and range of motion may be necessary. Soft tissue treatment can help restore mobility. 

  1. Using Physiotherapy to Restore Function 

After you achieve strength and independent movement in the second phase of your post-operative rehabilitation, you begin the third stage. Your physiotherapist can create an exercise regimen for you at this last phase. 

You can alter this plan to suit your goals, physical capabilities, and way of life. To assist you in reaching a complicated functional goal, your physiotherapist could begin by guiding you through more difficult, specifically designed balance and proprioception exercises. 

There are two types of physiotherapy

  • Physiotherapy Prior to Surgery

Research has demonstrated the advantages of physical therapy before orthopedic surgery. Preoperative physiotherapy is advised in order to promote a more favorable healing outcome. Following your evaluation, a pre-operative workout regimen will be recommended to you in order to preserve your strength and function and to get you ready for your post-surgery regimen.

  • Physiotherapy Following Surgery

Also known as post-operative physiotherapy. Following surgery and during your recovery, our skilled physiotherapists will evaluate your range of motion, strength, and function. A rehabilitation exercise program will be developed in consultation with you by the physiotherapist based on your goals, progress, and the various stages of healing.

Who is the target audience for post-surgical rehabilitation?

After being discharged from the hospital, anyone who has had surgery and is dealing with pain, stiffness, decreased balance and coordination, muscle weakness, decreased mobility, limited exercise tolerance, and decreased independence can benefit from a rehabilitation program. Both physical and psychological aftereffects from surgery may affect your recuperation and raise feelings of anger and anxiety. Our physiotherapists will perform a thorough evaluation and collaborate with you to establish both immediate and long-term objectives in order to optimize your recuperation potential and minimize any follow-up issues requiring surgery.

What can I anticipate from physiotherapy following surgery?

These days, the majority of physicians advise beginning physical therapy right away following surgery. Simple stretching and flexing exercises will be your first steps toward more difficult workouts as you heal. Your therapist’s role includes encouraging you to move forward even when you don’t think you can! Among the most popular categories of physical treatment methods are:

  • Range-of-motion exercises, such as circling joints, going from a sitting to a standing position, and knee extensions
  • Leg lifts, hamstring and quadriceps contractions, and chair squats are examples of strengthening exercises.
  • Stretches that may be done while sitting or standing
  • Walking and other low-impact aerobic activities, such as riding an exercise bike. Even small steps can have a significant impact following major surgery, and patients’ feelings of achievement as they advance greatly aid in their continued recuperation.

When should I begin physical therapy following surgery?

As soon as possible after surgery, physiotherapy might help you get the best benefits. This should be reviewed with your treating surgeon as it depends on the specific circumstances of each patient and the type of operation.

Following orthopedic surgery, physiotherapy frequently starts in the hospital 24 hours later.

Your physiotherapist will come see you in your hospital room following the procedure to start the recovery process. They will advise you on the amount and frequency of movement you should undertake with your damaged body part. Your physiotherapist or another team member will also demonstrate how to use crutches or a wheelchair if necessary.

When you return home, typically, the physician or physical therapist will provide you with a few exercises to begin at home. You may receive further instructions during your two-week follow-up visit. They might then recommend you for more physiotherapy at that moment.

The goal of any physical therapy administered during the first six weeks is typically to keep the afflicted area from becoming tight and weak. The physiotherapist then concentrates on assisting you in regaining your muscle and joint strength. Strength recovery following surgery or an injury can take several months.

Benefits of Physiotherapy post surgery
Benefits of Physiotherapy post-surgery

Benefits of Post-operative Physiotherapy

  • Pain management

Following your operation, it’s extremely likely that you will feel some pain while you heal. Reduce joint pain and stiffness and maximize your recovery with safe early joint/tissue loading and mobilization under the supervision of your physiotherapists.

  • Reduces Inflammation

You may probably experience swelling in the immediate vicinity of the surgical site after your procedure. If the swelling is not controlled, it frequently moves toward the hand or ankle, creating discomfort and functional limitations. Physiotherapy will work to reduce this swelling as much as possible to ensure that it doesn’t get in the way of your return to full function. Advice on the application of tape, soft tissue massage, cold/compression therapy, and early joint mobilization may fall under this category.

  • Enhancing Recuperation

Your body will naturally mend the surgical site after the procedure by undergoing tissue repair. By introducing the proper degree of activity at the most suitable periods, physiotherapy will help to optimize this and lower the risk of problems. To ensure that your tissues may move freely after surgery, it’s also critical to reduce the chance of excessive scar tissue formation. This could involve particular scar tissue massage techniques and suggestions for potentially helpful at-home activities.

  • Improving Movement

Early ambulation of the body and a localized joint can encourage increased blood flow, which can lower the likelihood of surgical complications such as the formation of blood clots (DVTs). This is supported by abundant research. This will frequently result in an earlier hospital discharge, which lowers your chance of contracting an infection while in the hospital. In addition to assisting in the quickest possible return of your everyday function following surgery, early mobilization within the safe bounds established by your surgeons may also enhance the operation’s prospective long-term result.

  • Increasing Strength in Muscles

Whether they are intended to attack a muscle directly or not, orthopedic surgical treatments will unintentionally disrupt muscle tissue. Your typical mechanics, control, and stability will be restored with early and safe muscle activation exercises and progressive strengthening at the appropriate time post-op. This will assist in getting you back to normal as soon as possible.

  •  Increasing Coordination and Balance

Our balance and joint coordination will frequently suffer when we have to change how we move due to an injury, pain, or surgery. In order to maximize your long-term function, your physiotherapist will concentrate on your localized joint control in addition to your overall balance and coordination when necessary.

  • Reduces the development of secondary problems:

Following surgery, blood clots, infections, and other complications can occasionally occur. Physical therapy can help minimize these frequently expensive and incapacitating secondary consequences. Physical therapy following surgery that focuses on customized movement exercises can help lower the risk of blood clots, contractures, and infection.

  • Get back to work more quickly

Physical therapy can hasten the healing and restoration of optimal functioning that your body naturally possesses. After surgery, physical therapy can help your body heal more quickly and completely, which can reduce your overall recovery time.

Your therapist can prescribe particular exercises to help you get ready to resume playing sports, if that is your aim. When your body is well enough to safely resume sports, your therapist will work closely with you to establish when that time will come.

Dietary Changes

It is impossible to exaggerate the importance of diet along with physiotherapy for healing from surgery. In order to minimize difficulties, promote overall recovery, and support the body’s healing process, a proper diet is essential. Here are some food suggestions for a quicker and more seamless healing process, as well as how a well-balanced diet can help with the healing process.

  1. Tissue Repair and Immune Function: 

Surgery puts the body under a lot of strain, which damages tissue and makes it more susceptible to infections. Sufficient consumption of protein is crucial for the immune system and tissue repair. Fish, poultry, legumes, and dairy products are illustrations of lean protein sources that offer the building blocks needed for healing.

  1. Inflammation Control: 

If inflammation is not properly controlled, surgical operations frequently result in it, which can make recovery take longer. Eating anti-inflammatory foods such as fruits, vegetables, and omega-3-rich fatty fish will help minimize inflammation and accelerate the healing process.

  1. Support for Vitamins and Minerals: 

A healthy diet guarantees that the body gets the necessary vitamins and minerals to help with a number of healing processes. Zinc is essential for tissue healing and is supported by vitamin C in the formation of collagen and wound healing. These essential elements can be obtained through a balanced diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts.

  1. Fiber and Digestive Health: 

Constipation can occasionally result from anesthesia and painkillers, which can make recovery from surgery painful. Consuming a lot of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other high-fiber foods can help to reduce this problem and support digestive health.

  1. Hydration: 

Maintaining adequate hydration is essential for healing after surgery. In addition to aiding in the movement of nutrients and preventing dehydration, which can obstruct healing, water also helps flush out pollutants. Make sure you stay hydrated during the day.

  1. Calorie Needs: 

Calorie needs can differ based on the type of operation and personal circumstances. It’s critical to speak with a nutritionist or healthcare professional to figure out the right calorie intake to promote healing without gaining too much weight.

  1. Small, frequent meals:

To avoid overtaxing the digestive system, choose smaller, more frequent meals rather than three large ones each day. This strategy can lessen nausea and pain while preserving energy levels.

  1. Steer clear of Processed Foods: 

Sugary snacks, highly processed foods, and high sodium content can cause inflammation and hinder the healing process. It’s advisable to restrict or stay away from certain meals while you’re healing.

Including these food suggestions in your nutrition plan after surgery can help you heal more quickly and easily. Individual dietary requirements, however, can differ, so it’s critical to speak with your doctor or a certified dietitian to develop a customized nutrition plan that supports both your particular operation and your general health objectives. 

In conclusion, you should schedule time for rehabilitative exercises because soft tissue recovery typically takes six to eight weeks. Depending on the procedure, physical therapy may be provided inpatient, outpatient, or a combination of the two following surgery. You can also be given “homework” tasks by your therapist to complete on your own while you heal. Following surgery, physiotherapy can help patients recover and get back to living their regular lives while engaging in routine activities. Modern physiotherapy treatments are provided by Housecall Doctor Dubai, and the staff collaborates to help patients get back to their regular activities as soon as possible. Please contact us to learn more about the value of physical therapy following surgery and how it can aid in the healing and recovery of patients.